FVO report – Italy – Plant protection products control system flawed

This report describes the outcome of a Food and Veterinary Office audit in Italy, carried out between 26 January and 4 February 2015, under the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 on official food and feed controls and Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.

The objectives of the audit were to evaluate the system of official controls on the marketing and use of plant protection products under Regulations (EC) No 1107/2009 and Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 and Directive 2009/128/EC.

The risk criteria on which operators are selected for controls have resulted in the exclusion of some categories of large scale operators from the scope of controls. Furthermore, the system of controls is hampered by the lack of co-operation and co-ordination between the multiple Competent Authorities involved and by inspectors’ lack of expertise in conducting controls relating to plant protection products. Consequently, the control system on the marketing and use of plant protection products is considered to be weak.

These shortcomings, combined with weaknesses in the programme to verify that the formulation of the product placed on the market complies with the conditions of the authorisation/parallel trade permit, means that the system for detection of illegal and/or counterfeit plant protection products is not effective. There are no official controls to ensure the restrictions related to the use of neonicotinoid seed treatments are implemented. While most recommendations from the previous audit on pesticides have been satisfactorily addressed, two recommendations, relating to formulation analysis and the effectiveness of controls on product labels and records of use, have not been addressed satisfactorily.

Aerial spraying is confined to very localised areas, and only following approval by the Competent Authority for this activity in line with Directive 2009/128/EC. In addition, systems are in place to facilitate growers in the implementation of Integrated Pest Management.

The FVO issued 9 recommendations to Italy and here you can find the answers of the Competent Authority involved.

FVO report – Denmark – Pesticides illegal import

This report describes the outcome of a Food and Veterinary Office audit in Denmark, carried out between 17 to 24 June 2014, under the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 on official food and feed controls and Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. The objective of the audit was to evaluate the controls on pesticides.

Denmark has a history of promoting alternatives to, and reduction in, pesticide use, and therefore is well placed to fully implement Directive 2009/128/EC. A variable rate pesticide tax, resulting in price increases of several hundred per cent in the case of some products, is the key policy initiative to achieve a substantial reduction in risk associated with pesticide use. Progress towards achieving this ambitious target could be compromised due to difficulties in preventing the illegal import of pesticides from other Member States.

While there are well documented procedures for PPP authorisation, due to national specific requirements it is difficult to gain authorisation through mutual recognition. Despite this, emergency authorisations are granted in cases where other measures are possible. The scope and frequency of inspections is not sufficient to determine that only authorised PPPs are marketed. Weaknesses in controls on retailers and in the PPP formulation analysis programme means the system for detection of illegal or counterfeit PPPs is not satisfactory. There is an excellent system of controls on PPP users.

The report makes a number of recommendations to the Competent Authorities, aimed at rectifying the shortcomings identified and enhancing the implementation of control measures.

(Source: FVO website)