FVO Report – Import Controls in Hungary

This report describes the outcome of an audit carried out by the Food and Veterinary Office (FVO) in Hungary from 25 March to 1 April 2014 to assess how the competent authorities evaluate the performance and effectiveness of their system of official import controls (regarding live animals and products of animal origin).

The report concludes that the Hungarian authority is developing the activities for verification of effectiveness of the official import controls including the setting of relevant objectives and indicators to measure the extent to which these objectives are met.

The verification activities do not ensure compliance of the official import controls with EU legislation. This is due to the lack of implementation of verification in some border inspection posts (BIPs) for a long period of time. The competent authority has not considered the risk of absence of verification of the official import controls and has not planned such activities for a period of two years. The above undermine the verification of effectiveness of the official import controls as required by article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004/EC.

The results of the verification activities are foreseen to be used for planning of the official controls and also on planning future verification activities. Activities like performance assessment of personnel, national database (EVIR) to monitor the output of the audits are potential tools to assess effectiveness of the official import controls, not currently used as such. In addition, process
and performance audits as foreseen in the new Quality management procedure can be a means of assessment of the appropriateness and effectiveness of the official import controls.

EU Regulation n. 665/2014: “Mountain product”

This Regulation, implementation of Regulation (EU) 1151/2012 (“quality package”), establishes the conditions necessary to use the optional quality term “mountain product”.

In particular, in order to prevent consumers being misled, it refers to products of animal origin (Article 1), feed (Article 2), apiculture products (Article 3), products of plant origin (Article 4), other ingredients (Article 5) and to the processing operations that can be carried out outside of the mountain areas, but not as far as 30km from these areas (Article 6).

Article 1 – Products of animal origin

1.   The term ‘mountain product’ may be applied to products produced by animals in mountain areas as defined in Article 31(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 and processed in such areas.

2.   The term ‘mountain product’ may be applied to products made from animals that are reared for at least the last two thirds of their life in those mountain areas, if the products are processed in such areas.

3.   By way of derogation from paragraph 2, the term ‘mountain product’ may be applied to products made from transhumant animals that have been reared for at least one quarter of their life in transhumance grazing on pastures in mountain areas.

Article 2 – Feedstuffs

1.   For the purposes of Article 31(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012, feedstuffs for farm animals shall be deemed to come essentially from mountain areas if the proportion of the annual animal diet that cannot be produced in mountain areas, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, does not exceed 50 % and, in the case of ruminants, 40 %.

2.   By way of derogation from paragraph 1, as regards pigs, the proportion of feedstuffs that cannot be produced in mountain areas, expressed as a percentage of dry matter, shall not exceed 75 % of the annual animal diet.

3.   Paragraph 1 shall not apply to feedstuffs for transhumant animals referred to in Article 1(3) when reared outside mountain areas.

Article 3 – Products of beekeeping

1.   The term ‘mountain product’ may be applied to products of beekeeping if the bees have collected the nectar and the pollen only in mountain areas.

2.   By way of derogation from Article 31(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012, sugar fed to bees shall not be required to come from mountain areas.

Article 4 – Products of plant origin

By way of derogation from Article 31(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012, the term ‘mountain product’ may be applied to products of plant origin only if the plant is grown in mountain areas as defined in Article 31(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012.

Article 5 – Ingredients

When used in products referred to in Articles 1 and 4, the following ingredients may come from outside mountain areas, provided that they do not represent more than 50 % of the total weight of the ingredients:

(a)

products not listed in Annex I to the Treaty; and

(b)

herbs, spices and sugar.

Article 6 – Processing operations outside mountain areas

1.   By way of derogation from Article 31(1)(b) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 and Article 1(1) and (2) of this Regulation, the following processing operations may take place outside mountain areas, provided that the distance from the mountain area in question does not exceed 30 km:

(a)

processing operations for the production of milk and milk products in processing facilities in place on 3 January 2013;

(b)

slaughtering of animals and cutting and deboning of carcasses;

(c)

pressing of olive oil.

2.   As regards products processed on their territory, Member States may determine that the derogation in paragraph 1, point (a) will not apply or that the processing facilities must be located within a distance, to be specified, of less than 30 km from the mountain area in question.

Entry into force and application: June 26th, 2014