Food Labeling Contrast between China and EU Regulations (Part II)

In case you have not spotted the first part, here you can find the link. This is an invaluable comparison between the Chinese food labeling standards and the Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011. The part II is more focused on nutrition labeling requirements.

Nutrition declaration (Nutrition labeling)

1,Mandatory information

Reg. (EU) No 1169/2011 GB7718-2011
1+6

 

  Reference intake 1+4

 

  NRV
Energy value 8400 kJ/2000 kcal Energy value 8400 kJ/2000 kcal
Fat (Total fat)70 g Protein 60 g
Saturates 20 g Fat 60g
Carbohydrate 260 g Carbohydrate 300 g
Sugars 90 g Sodium 2000 mg
Protein 50 g Note: In (EU) No 1169/2011, salt =sodium×2.5
Salt 6 g
None

If any nutrition claim or functional claim is made about nutrition component besides energy and the core nutrients, the content of such nutrition component and its corresponding NRV% should be indicated on the nutrition labeling.

None

If any nutritional fortification substances are used in pre-packed food, the content of the fortified nutrition component and its corresponding NRV% should be indicated on the nutrition labeling.

None

The content of trans fatty acid should be indicated if any hydrogenated oil and fat or partially hydrogenated oil and fat is used as an ingredient or in the manufacturing process.

Not mandatory NRV%

Note: In GB7718-2011, NRV% ×100%

In the formula, x stands for the content of one nutrient.

 

2, Supplements

Reg. (EU) No 1169/2011 GB 28050-2011
Fat Reference intake Fat NRV
Mono-unsaturates (Total fat)70 g Saturates(acid) ≦20g
Polyunsaturates Trans fats(acid)  
Mono-unsaturates(acid)  
Polyunsaturates(acid)  
Cholesterol ≦300 mg
Carbohydrate   Carbohydrate  
Polyols (Carbohydrate)260g Sugar(lactose)  
Fibre Dietary fibre (monomer component, soluble or insoluble dietary fibre) 25g
Starch

 

3Exemptions

Reg. (EU) No 1169/2011 GB7718-2011
Where the labeling of beverages containing more than 1.2% by volume of alcohol provides a nutrition declaration, the content of the declaration may be limited to the energy value only. For beverages containing more than 0.5% by volume of ethanol, a nutrition labeling is not required.
Where food are offered for sale to the final consumer or to mass caterers without prepackaging, or where foods are packed on the sales premises at the consumer’s request or prepacked for direct sale, the content of the nutrition declaration may be limited to:

(a)    the energy value; or

(b)    the energy value together with the amounts of fat, saturates, sugars, and salt.

 
  For fresh produce such as meat, fish, vegetables and fruits, eggs etc, a nutrition labeling is not required.
Food in packaging or containers the largest surface of which has an area of less than 25 cm².

For foods which have a total surface area less than 100 cm²or a maximum surface area less than 20 cm², a nutrition labeling is not required.

Food, including handcrafted food, directly supplied by the manufacturer of small quantities of products to the final consumer or to local retail establishments directly supplying the final consumer.

For site-selling foods, a nutrition labeling is not required.

Waters intended for human consumption, including those where the only added ingredients are carbon dioxide and/or flavorings.

For packed water, a nutrition labeling is not required.
  For prepacked foods of which daily consumption are less than 10 g or 10 ml, a nutrition labeling is not required.

Other foods stipulated in ANNEX V

 

 

4, Vitamins and minerals

Reg. (EU) No 1169/2011 GB 28050-2011
  NRV   NRV
Vitamin A 800μg Vitamin A 800μgRE
Vitamin D 5μg Vitamin D 5μg
Vitamin E 12mg Vitamin E 14mgα-TE
Vitamin K 75μg Vitamin K 80μg
Thiamin 1,1mg Thiamin 1.4mg
Riboflavin 1,4mg Riboflavin 1.4mg
Vitamin B6 1,4mg Vitamin B6 1.4mg
Vitamin B12 2,5μg Vitamin B12 2.4μg
Vitamin C 80mg Vitamin C 100mg
Niacin 16mg Niacin 14mg
Folic acid 200μg Folic acid 400μg DFE
Pantothenic acid 6mg Pantothenic acid 5mg
Biotin 50μg Biotin 30μg
None Choline 450mg
Phosphorus 700mg Phosphorus 700mg
Potassium 2 000mg Potassium 2000mg
Chloride 800mg None
Magnesium 375mg Magnesium 300mg
Calcium 800mg Calcium 800mg
Iron 14mg Iron 15mg
Zinc 10mg Zinc 15mg
Iodine 150μg Iodine 150μg
Selenium 55μg Selenium 50μg
Chromium 40μg None
Molybdenum 50μg None
Copper 1mg Copper 1.5mg
Fluoride 3,5mg Fluoride 1mg
Manganese 2mg Manganese 3mg

 

5, Expression of the content of nutrients

Reg. (EU) No 1169/2011 GB7718-2011
Per 100g or per 100ml Per 100g or per 100ml
Per portion or per consumption unit Per portion

6Notes

A much more detailed Questions and Answers of GB 28050-2011 (Revised Version) has been provided by National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People’s Republic of China and acts as an inseparable supplement to GB 28050-2011. It gives the basic introduction of GB 28050-2011 and clarifies relevant definitions, while elaborating on the most important parts and elements in making a nutrition labeling. It’s more intricate than GB 28050-2011 and requires more patience if one wants to master the Chinese regulations in food nutrition labeling.

FDA revises proposed Nutrition Facts label rule to include a daily value for added sugars

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today proposed including the percent daily value (%DV) for added sugars on the Nutrition Facts label of packaged foods, giving consumers additional information for added sugars similar to information they have seen for decades with respect to nutrients such as sodium and certain fats. The percent daily value indicates how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet and would help consumers make informed choices for themselves and their families. The percent daily value would be based on the recommendation that the daily intake of calories from added sugars not exceed 10 percent of total calories.

The proposed rule is a supplement to the March 3, 2014 proposed rule on updating the Nutrition Facts label, under which the FDA proposed that food companies include added sugars on the Nutrition Facts label. The proposed rule did not include the declaration of the percent daily value for added sugars.

The 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) recently summarized scientific data related to added sugars. The FDA considered the scientific evidence that the DGAC used, which showed that it is difficult to meet nutrient needs while staying within calorie requirements if one exceeds 10 percent of total calories from added sugar, and has determined that this information supports this daily value for added sugars. The DGAC also recommended that Americans limit their added sugars intake to less than 10 percent of total calories; this and other recommendations from the DGAC, which is an independent advisory committee, will be considered in the development of the final 2015 Dietary Guidelines.

The FDA’s initial proposal to include the amount of added sugars on the Nutrition Facts label is now further supported by newly reviewed studies suggesting healthy dietary patterns, including lower amounts of sugar-sweetened foods and beverages, are strongly associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. When sugars are added to foods and beverages to sweeten them, they add calories without providing additional nutrients.

“The FDA has a responsibility to give consumers the information they need to make informed dietary decisions for themselves and their families,” said Susan Mayne, Ph.D., director of the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. “For the past decade, consumers have been advised to reduce their intake of added sugars, and the proposed percent daily value for added sugars on the Nutrition Facts label is intended to help consumers follow that advice.”

The current label requires the percent daily value be listed for total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrate, dietary fiber, calcium and iron.

The FDA is also proposing to change the current footnote on the Nutrition Facts label to help consumers understand the percent daily value concept. The proposed statement on the label would be shorter than the current footnote to allow for more space on the label, stating:

*The percent daily value (%DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a serving of food contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

The FDA is seeking public comment on the proposal for 75 days. The agency continues to review comments received on the 2014 proposed rule and is reopening the comment period on its March 2014 proposal for 60 days to invite public comment on two consumer studies related to label formats. The agency will consider comments on the original and this supplemental proposed rule before issuing a final rule. The proposed rule on serving size requirements, also issued in March 2014, is not affected by the supplemental proposed rule on the Nutrition Facts label released today.

In addition, the FDA is also releasing results of its consumer studies on the declaration of added sugars and the footnote and on the label format. As part of the March 3, 2014 proposed rule, FDA proposed updating the format of the Nutrition Facts panel and continues to consider the comments received on this proposal as it develops the final rule. Based on comments received to the proposed rule and the consumer studies’ results, the FDA does not intend to pursue the alternative graphic format for the Nutrition Facts label at this time.