Top 10 articles in 2017 – Review

Dear readers and friends,

another year passed and I have to thank you everyone for the time spent reading this blog, sharing articles and commenting.

As usual, I recap the most interesting topics of 2017 in the first article of 2018. Here below the top 10 articles of 2017, according to the number of clicks received:

  1. Dual quality food products guidance of the EU Commission – Now what?

A brief exam of the Commission guidance released in September 2017 on this most controversial topic.

2. Food Supplement Regulation of China – Vitamins and Minerals list compared to EU

A special thank you to my guest writer KUN HOU (kunhou2016@gmail.com) for this very appreciated comparative table.

3. 1st Food Law in Asia International Conference – Export, Labelling and Countering Fraud

The event was organised on 12th June 2017 in Amsterdam, in cooperation with Lexxion and HFG law firm and it was a great success.  For those who enjoyed the event or are interested a 2nd edition is planned for 16th April 2018 in Rome (see link to provisional program) and will be followed the day after by the twin conference “Food Law in US” (see link to provisional program, to be updated soon).

4. Food defense requirements in EU?

Will we see food defense requirements in EU, like in US, in a near future? Nothing changed on the EU Commission side, since the publication of this article.

5. FDA Releases Compliance Guide for Small Businesses under FSMA Intentional Adulteration Rule (Food defense)

Another article that confirms the interest for the above mentioned topic.

6. FDA Extended Compliance Dates for Nutrition Facts Label Final Rules to 2020 and 2021

The FDA proposed this extension for the application of the new Nutrition Facts requirements, from mid-2018 to 1st January 2020 and 2021 (depending on the business size). Formally the extension has not been finalized yet, but it is more than sure that it will be confirmed soon.

7. ‘Natural’ claim in China: an overview and comparison with EU and US

The article provides useful links to my publications on the topic.

8. FDA Recognizes Australia as Having a Comparable Food Safety System to the U.S.

The FDA recognized Australian food safety system as equivalent to the US one under FSMA (Food Safety Modernization Act).

9. Summer Academy in Global Food Law and Policy 2017

This one of a kind event attracts always a lot of interest. This year there will be the 10th edition.

10. EU audits – Vietnam not compliant for pesticide residues

You can follow all the blog updates also via:

 

Food Supplement Regulation of China – Vitamins and Minerals list compared to EU

 

Thanks as usual to my guest writer KUN HOU (kunhou2016@gmail.com) for the valuable insights of China. This comparative article will be most useful to many readers.

Regulations concerning the nutrients used as ingredients of food supplements are under constant change and revision in China.

CFDA put forward its first official positive list of vitamins and minerals that might be present in food supplements in the beginning of 2016.

The list has not come into force yet and it is slightly different from the current rules which were brought into effect in 2005 by then SFDA.

Before the list is legally introduced, let’s look at first how the rules for vitamins and minerals differ between China and EU presently. It will help international food supplements manufacturers gain a clearer clue on Chinese regulation and avoid pitfalls when exporting vitamin and minerals supplements to China.

Vitamins and Minerals in General

Name CN EU
Minerals Ca Calcium
Mg Magnesium
K Potassium
Fe Iron
Zn Zinc
Se Selenium
Cr3+ Chromium
Cu Copper
Mn Mangnese
Mo Molybdenum
Lodine
Sodium
Fluoride
Chloride
Phosphorus
Vitamins Retinol Equivalent(Vitamin A or Vitamin A+b-Carotene) Vitamin A
Vitamin C Vitamin C
Vitamin D Vitamin D
Vitamin E Vitamin E
Vitamin k Vitamin k
Vitamin B1 Vitamin B1
Vitamin B2 Vitamin B2
Vitamin PP Niacin Niacin
Niacinamide
Vitamin B6 Vitamin B6
Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12
Folic acid Folic acid
Pantothenic acid Pantothenic acid
Biotin Biotin
b-Carotene
Choline

 

Mineral Substances

Name CN EU
Ca Calcium carbonate Calcium carbonate
Calcium chloride Calcium chloride
Calcium gluconate Calcium gluconate
Calcium lactate Calcium lactate
Calcium glycerol phosphate Calcium glycerophosphate
Calcium malata
Calcium monophosphate
(Calcium phosphate,Secondary)
Calcium phosphate,monobasic
(Calcium phosphate,Primary)
Calcium phosphates
Calcium sulfate
CalciumLascorbate
Calcium acetate
Calcium caseinate
Calcium citrate
Calcium citrate malate
Calcium salts of citric acid
Calcium salts of orthophosphoric acid
Calcium hydroxide
Calcium oxide

 

 

Name CN EU
Mg Magnesium carbonate Magnesium carbonate
Magnesium chloride Magnesium chloride
Magnesium gluconate Magnesium gluconate
Magnesium lactate Magnesium lactate
Magnesium glycerol phosphate Magnesium glycerophosphate
Magnesium citrate
Magnesium phosphate,dibasic
Magnesium phosphates
  Magnesium acetate
Magnesium salts of citric acid
Magnesium salts of orthophosphoric acid
Magnesium hydroxide
Magnesium oxide
Magnesium sulphate

 

 

Name CN EU
Fe Ferric carbonate Ferrous carbonate
Ferrous citrate Ferrous citrate
Ferrous fumarate Ferrous fumarate
Ferrous gluconate Ferrous gluconate
Ferrous sulfate Ferrous sulphate
Ferrous lactate Ferrous lactate
Ferric pyrophosphate Ferric diphosphate (ferric pyrophosphate)
Ferric ammonium citrate
Ferric chloride
Ferric citrate
Heme iron(Ferrous porphyrin)
Hemin (ferriheme)
Ferrous succinate
Ferric ammonium citrate
Ferric sodium diphosphate  
Ferric saccharate
Elemental iron (carbonyl+electrolytic+hydrogen reduced)

 

 

 

 

 

Name CN EU
Copper Copper carbonate Cupric carbonate
Copper citrate Cupric citrate
Copper gluconate Cupric gluconate
Copper sulfate Cupric sulphate
Copper lysine complex

 

 

Name CN EU
Potassium Potassium carbonate Potassium carbonate
Potassium chloride Potassium chloride
Potassium citrate Potassium citrate
Potassium gluconate Potassium gluconate
Potassium lactate Potassium lactate
Potassium glycerol phosphate Potassium glycerophosphate
Potassium phosphate dibasic  
Potassium Sulphate
Potassium iodide
Potassium iodate
Potassium bicarbonate
Potassium hydroxide
Potassium salts of orthophosphoric acid
Potassium fluoride

 

 

Name CN EU
Zinc Zinc acetate Zinc acetate
Zinc carbonate Zinc carbonate
Zinc chloride Zinc chloride
Zinc citrate Zinc citrate
Zinc gluconate Zinc gluconate
Zinc lactate Zinc lactate
Zinc sulfate Zinc sulphate
Zinc oxide Zinc oxide

 

 

 

Name CN EU
Manganese Manganese sulphate Manganese sulphate
Manganese gluconate Manganese gluconate
Manganese chloride Manganese chloride
Manganese citrate Manganese citrate
Manganese glycerol phosphate Manganese glycerophosphate
Manganese carbonate

 

 

Name CN EU
Chromium Chromium trichloride Chromium (III) chloride
Chromium nicotinate
Chromium picolinate
Chromium yeast
Chromium (III) sulphate

 

 

 

Name CN EU
Molybdenum Ammonium Molybdate Ammonium molybdate (molybdenum (VI))
Sodium Molybdate Dihydrate Sodium molybdate (molybdenum (VI))

 

 

 

Name CN EU
Selenium Sodium selenate Sodium selenate
Sodium selenite Sodium selenite
Selenium carrageenan  
Selenium cysteine
Seleniumrich yeast
Selenomethionine
Sodium hydrogen selenite

 

Vitamin Substances

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN A All trans Retinol Retinol
Vitamin A acetate Retinyl acetate
Retinyl palmitate Retinyl palmitate
All trans beta—Carotene Beta-carotene

 

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN D Vitamin D2 Ergocalciferol
Vitamin D3 Cholecalciferol

 

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN E D—alpha—tocopherol D-alpha-tocopherol
DL—alpha—tocopherol DL-alpha-tocopherol
DL—alpha tocopheryl acetate D-alpha-tocopheryl acetate
D—alpha—tocopheryl acid succinate D-alpha-tocopheryl acid succinate
Mixed tocopherols  
Dalphatocopheryl acetate
DL-alpha-tocopheryl acetate

 

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN K Vitamin K1(Phytonadione)  
Vitamin K2(Menaquinones)
  Phylloquinone (phytomenadione)

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN B1 Thiamin hydrochloride Thiamin hydrochloride
  Thiamin mononitrate Thiamin mononitrate

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN B2 Riboflavin Riboflavin
Riboflavin—5’—phosphate,sodium Riboflavin 5’-phosphate, sodium

 

 

 

Name CN EU
NIACIN Nicotinic acid Nicotinic acid
Nicotinamide Nicotinamide

 

 

Name CN EU
PANTOTHENIC ACID D—pantothenate,sodium D-pantothenate, sodium
D—pantothenate,calcium D-pantothenate, calcium
Pantothenic Acid
Calcium pantothenate
Dpanthenol
  Dexpanthenol

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN B6 Pyridoxine hydrochloride Pyridoxine hydrochloride
  Pyridoxine 5’—phosphate Pyridoxine 5’-phosphate

 

 

Name CN EU
FOLIC ACID Pteroylmonoglutamic acid (Folic Acid) Pteroylmonoglutamic acid

 

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN B12 Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) Cyanocobalamin
  Hydroxocobalamin Hydroxocobalamin

 

Name CN EU
BIOTIN D—biotin D-biotin

 

Name CN EU
VITAMIN C L—ascorbic acid L-ascorbic acid
  Calcium—L—ascorbate Calcium-L-ascorbate
  Potassium—L—ascorbate Potassium-L-ascorbate
  Sodium—L—ascorbate Sodium-L-ascorbate
  Ascorbyl palmitate
  L-ascorbyl 6-palmitate