The next food fraud? Worse than the ”Horsegate”

If the explosion of the infamous “Horsemeat Scandal” was greeted at first with disbelief and barely concealed laughter from the public and media, the following concern for a public health risk revealed itself in a short time as completely not founded. None of these two reactions seem to be triggered by what could be the next food fraud scandal on a global scale.

The affected product, in this case, are spices (especially cumin, paprika and various mix) which, at a level not yet identified of the supply chain, have been adulterated with crushed almond shells, with the clear aim  of financial gain. The real risk – and what distinguishes this case from ”Horsegate” – is that such conduct poses a serious risk to the health of allergic consumers. Almond nuts

The tree nuts category, indeed, is one of the allergens that more easily could cause violent anaphylactic shock; the risk is more than real, since the analytical detection of almond’s traces (probably remained caked on the shells) was the cause of dozens of recalls and withdrawals from the market started in UK, US, Canada and several other European countries.

Although the intent of the contamination has not yet been demonstrated, it is clear that such a wide spread of withdrawals and recalls worldwide, as well as the involvement in the issue of many different brands on the market (even global retailers such as Morrisons and Sainsbury’s) and the different types product, clearly suggest a deliberate fraud.

Spices have quite high prices, which allow good profit margins through this kind of adulteration: in addition, not always the systems of internal traceability of the small and medium-size companies are adequate to the high complexity required by management of these raw materials and their mix. Finally, as highlighted by Prof. Chris Elliot in some recent interviews, the last season saw in Gujarat (India) a cumin harvest absolutely disastrous because of the weather, and this caused a spike in prices.

Although a British company, Bart Ingredients, has challenged the analytical methods used by the British “Food Standards Agency” (FSA), advancing the hypothesis of “false positives” attributed to another ingredient (the “Mahaleb”, extracted from a variety of cherry tree), the chances that this is proved true for all cases found seems utterly unrealistic.

UK, was the European country most affected by the phenomenon. Here the cumin’s consumption as a flavor enhancer in soups and processed products, and also in combination with other spices such as paprika, chili and curry, is very high. The extent of the contamination, however, is not yet fully established. At the moment there have been no reports of deaths or hospitalizations due to the issue, but unfortunately could only be a matter of time. The spices are used in many processed and prepacked foods and it will be very difficult to detect all the products contaminated and to remove them all from the shelves (e.g. the first recalls involved kit for fajitas in British supermarket).

This will be the first “stress test” for the newborn FSA “Food Crime United” and the UK food safety system as a whole, after its reorganization following the “Elliot Review”. Important signals, however, should also be sent by the European Commission, now engaged with the revision of Reg. (EC) n. 882/2004 and with the implementation of appropriate measures to fight frauds.

Food recalls in EU – Week 47

This week on the RASFF database (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) we find three recalls from consumers in EU, between the alert notifications:

Pathogenic micro-organisms: Listeria Monocytogenes in cream cheese, following company’s own check. Origin and notification from Denmark, distributed also to Austria, Germany, Japan, Norway and Poland.

 Biocontaminants: histamine in anchovies in olive oil, following company’s own check. Origin Spain, notification from Switzerland, distributed also to France.

– Foreign bodies (paracetamol 500mg with codein tablet) in ice cream cones, following a consumer complaint. Origin and notification from the United Kingdom, distributed also to Ireland. That’s case it’s quite strange, and I’m sure you have all read of it on the newspapers, probably the cause is a sabotage from an unhappy worker…here a link to a press release.

Between the alert notifications, followed by a withdrawal from the market of the product:

Pesticides residues: fenamiphos in cocktail tomatoes, following company’s own check. Origin Spain (via Netherlands), notification from Sweden.

– Pathogenic micro-organisms: Listeria Monocytogenes in raw cow milk cheese, following company’s own check. Origin and notification from France, distributed also to Netherlands.

– Pathogenic micro-organisms: too high count of Escherichia coli in live mussels, following company’s own check. Origin and notification from France, distributed also to Spain.

Regarding border rejections we have, among the others, Salmonella spp. in paan leaves and in curry leaves from India, absence of health certificate in peanut biscuits from India and in almonds in shell from the United States, unshelled chestnuts from Algeria (via Tunisia) and red raisins from China infested with insects, an attempt attempt to illegally import frozen boneless beef from Uruguay, aflatoxins in dried figs and in dried fruit mix from Turkey, malathion and carbendazim  in fresh peppers from Turkey, methidathion in pomelo from China and histamine in frozen pre-cooked skipjack tuna loins and flakes from Vietnam.

For food contact material we have border rejections for migration of chromium from dies for meat grinder from Hong Kong and from stainless steel kitchen knives from China (via Hong Kong), too high level of overall migration from plastic dishes from Bosnia and Herzegovina and inner coating peeling off from baking pans from China.