QeA to EU Commission – Imports of chlorinated chicken under the TTIP agreement

The following answer, given by the EU Commission, probably won’t stop galloping fears in the fiercest opposers of TTIP …but could help…

The point is not under discussion, in EU no similar treatment is or will be authorised in light of the TTIP: and if it will ever be, will be under EFSA scrutiny and not as a substitute of correct food hygiene practices, but as additional tool to enhance the safety of the final product. Poultry meat is one of the most “naturally “contaminated” raw material in the supply chain (high presence of Salmonella, Campylobacter etc…).

“Subject:  Imports of chlorinated chicken under the TTIP agreement

In recent months, there has been increased concern expressed by consumer organisations across the EU that imports of chlorinated chicken from the US to the EU may be allowed under a TTIP agreement and may, in the process, undermine the economic viability of poultry production in the EU.

Can the Commission therefore guarantee that imports of chlorinated chicken from the US to the EU will not be permitted under any TTIP agreement?

Answer given by Mr Andriukaitis on behalf of the Commission – 3rd May 2016

In relation to antimicrobial treatments of meat or carcasses, the EU allows for the approval of such treatments, provided that they are considered safe by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). In particular, they must only be used under strict conditions, fully respecting the stringent hygiene requirements that Union legislation requires to be applied all along the food chain process.

No antimicrobial treatments will be approved in the EU unless there is a clear scientific assessment confirming that they are beneficial for consumers (i.e. reduction of microbial contamination and reduction of safety risks). The Commission will not authorise the use of antimicrobial treatments as a replacement for hygiene practices but only as an additional tool to enhance the safety of the final product.

There is currently no application for the approval of chlorine as a substance to treat poultry carcasses and no discussion on the acceptance of chlorinated chicken in the EU as a result of the negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.”

(Source: EU Parliament)

FVO – Bovine meat in Brazil

The report describes the outcome of an audit carried out by the Food and Veterinary Office (FVO) in Brazil from 15 to 28 October 2013. The objectives of the audit were to evaluate the operation of controls over the production of fresh bovine meat destined for export to the European Union (EU), as well as certification procedures and to follow up the measures taken by the Brazilian authorities to address the recommendations outlined in audit report DG(SANCO)/2012-6370 – MR Final.

The FVO audit team noted that in the period 2012-2013 the Competent Authority (CA) carried out 10 % or more re-audits of the cattle holdings listed in TRACES in all approved Brazilian States. With the exception of three cases, controls carried out at the holding by the certificadoras and the CA were found to be satisfactory. However, the need to strengthen the procedures in place was identified by the FVO audit team. The Brazilian CA informed the FVO audit team that the procedure to integrate different IT applications into a single database to include animal health control, animal identification and registration, animal movement and certification, has progressed significantly.

The meat establishments visited were mainly in line with the general and specific hygiene requirements.
Deficiencies were identified by the FVO audit team in relation to the de-hiding process in three establishments, the working of sterilisers in two establishments and pest control in one establishment. The official controls in meat establishments were carried out in accordance with the relevant procedures and adequately documented. Nevertheless the deficiencies mentioned above had not been identified by the Food Business Operator (FBO) or the CA.

Ante- and post-mortem inspection, including the verification of the food chain information were carried out in accordance with the EU requirements.

In the establishments visited the procedures based on Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP), traceability and maturation of beef were implemented and verified by the CA and were found to be satisfactory.

The microbiological testing of carcasses regarding testing methods, parameters, sampling and sampling frequencies were still not in line with the requirements laid down in Regulation (EC) No 2073/2005. The CA confirmed their position to the FVO audit team and considers their guidelines for microbiological testing of carcasses to be EU equivalent. Nevertheless the CA has not yet sent a request to DG SANCO to have their guidelines recognised as EU equivalent.

Water testing was carried out in line with the requirements of Council Directive 98/83/EC. Animal welfare controls remain as previously described. The stunning process and the controls at slaughter were satisfactory.

The certification of fresh bovine meat in the establishments visited was satisfactory. For the consignments verified by the FVO audit team, the officials were able to demonstrate that the certificate conditions were met, with the exception of one case.

The FVO audit team visited the two establishments which have been at the origin of numerous Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) alerts in 2013 due to the presence of Shigatoxin-producing E-coli (STEC) in chilled boneless beef sent to the EU. These two establishments are now under the re-enforced control procedure for their consignments entering the EU. The reaction of the Central Competent Authorities (CCA) was slow and it took more than two months for the establishments to be officially notified. An official answer from the CCA to the Commission services was only sent in October 2013. Meanwhile, the establishments had already started implementing initial actions to address the issue. As new RASFF alerts were notified, the establishments reviewed and further developed their initial action plan. The reviewed action plan has been implemented since mid-October 2013. Since then and up to the date of the on-the-spot visit, no meat produced after this date from these establishments has entered the EU.
In addition to the actions initiated by these two establishments, since 16 September 2013 the CCA is implementing a country wide monitoring programme with the aim of identifying the presence of STEC.

A number of recommendations have been made to the CA with a view to addressing the deficiencies identified during this audit.

Specifically, to consider improving procedures in order to make a proper risk evaluation of Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed alert and to react appropriately and timely to the issues identified.