Food recalls in EU – Week 49/2015

This week on the EU RASFF (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) we can find the following notifications:

1. Alerts followed by a recall from consumers:

2. Information for attention/for follow up followed by a recall from consumers:

3. Alerts followed by a withdrawal from the market:

4. Seizures:

5. Border rejections:

  • absence of health certificate(s) for chilled okra from India
  • aflatoxins (B1 = 27.3 / Tot. = 36.8 µg/kg – ppb) in dried figs from Turkey
  • aflatoxins (B1 = 27.8; Tot. = 29.7 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios from Iran and (B1 = 40; Tot. = 47 µg/kg – ppb) from the United States
  • aflatoxins (B1 = 9.0; Tot. = 11 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina
  • bacterial contamination (9; 36; 27; 18; 36; 9; 18 CFU/g) of canned tuna in vegetable oil from Thailand
  • dead insects and excrements of insects in dried split ginger root from Nigeria infested with moulds (81,76 %)
  • fosthiazate (0.101 mg/kg – ppm) in chilled sweet peppers from Turkey
  • mercury (0.61 mg/kg – ppm) in red scorpionfish (Scorpaena scrofa) from Tunisia
  • methomyl (0.13 mg/kg – ppm) in chilled strawberries from Egypt
  • propamocarb (0.055 mg/kg – ppm) and pyridalyl (0.064 mg/kg – ppm) in chilled strawberries from Egypt
  • Salmonella (1 out of 5 samples /25g) in betel leaves from India
  • unauthorised use of colour E 124 – Ponceau 4R / cochineal red A (87 mg/kg – ppm) in custard powder from Colombia

 

FVO Report – Sweden official controls over meat traceability and food frauds

The audit to Sweden was carried out from 14 to 24 April 2015. The main objective of the audit was to evaluate the operation of official controls over the traceability of meat (meat of domestic ungulates, poultry, lagomorphs and game meat), minced meat, mechanically separated meat (MSM), meat preparations, meat products (hereafter referred to as meat and products thereof), and composite products containing meat and products thereof and other ingredients.

Particular attention was paid to the traceability, labelling and identification systems of meat and products thereof, and to composite products containing meat and products thereof and traceability of quantities of each ingredient used. The official control procedures require all establishments to be controlled, at least every five years, in all areas of applicable legislation. Risk based controls are split between the different inspections/audits that take place during the five year period. In the current five year official control plan traceability is scheduled to be covered twice.

The CCA is currently implementing actions in relation to traceability following the horse meat scandal and the discovery of certain food fraud in Sweden. These actions aim to increase the awareness of FBOs and officials in charge of controls. They concern the following areas:

  • creation of a food fraud unit;
  • specific training for staff to new control methods (180 inspectors on training);
  • identification of non-registered FBOs;
  • revision of the Swedish food act to re-enforce its efficiency, particularly concerning penal sanctions;
  • joint NFA-Stockholm municipality project to improve traceability controls and avoid overlapping (to be carried out between May and September 2015).

The Swedish CCA has already drawn certain lessons from the recent meat scandals and is undertaking specific actions to increase the efficiency of the control system. Significant work remains to be done.

In all the establishments visited, the food business operators stated that a traceability system was in place. However, the evaluation of these systems revealed a less positive picture concerning traceability in general and quantitative traceability in particular. In one cold store a robust traceability system was already in place. Two establishments were making good progress towards implementing a good system but the others still had significant progress to make. Two establishments had yet to start work on implementing a traceability system.

At the start of the audit, the FVO audit team chose 14 different food (meat based) samples at retail level. The CCA was asked to carry out a quantitative traceability of these samples in co-operation with the FBOs concerned. These exercises were far from successful: out of 14 samples, the CAs and the FBOs concerned could only establish 4 complete chains of traceability supported by the documented evidence. In the other cases significant documents relating to traceability were missing.

The FVO audit team also paid attention to the traceability and the use of additives in meat preparations and meat products. In general the situation was satisfactory but certain misuses were noted in some establishments. Nitrites and phosphates are allowed in “traditional products” which, in the absence of specific national rules/guidance, has the potential to include any pork or beef meat injected with curing solution (including in the initial phase of the maturing process).

The report makes a number of recommendations to the Swedish CA with a view to addressing the deficiencies identified during this audit.